Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

The Effect Of Covid-19 Knowledge Level On Healthcare Workers’ Attitude And Beahavior

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 32 - 38, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1041548

Öz

ÖZET Bu çalışma sağlık çalışanlarının bilgi düzeyinin tutum ve davranışlara etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma kesitsel bir araştırmadır. Araştırmanın evrenini Türkiye’nin Doğu Anadolu Bölgesinde bir Şehir Hastanesinde çalışan 1794 sağlık personeli, örneklemini ise güç analizi ile belirlenen 310 kişi oluşturmuştur. Evrenden örneklem seçiminde rastlantısal örneklem yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın verileri, Mart- Nisan tarihleri arasında dijital olarak toplanmıştır. Veriler dört bölümden oluşan bir anket kullanılarak toplanmıştır (sosyo-demografik özellikler, COVİD-19 hakkında bilgi, COVİD-19’ a yönelik tutumlar, COVID-19 ile ilgili davranışlar). Araştırmaya katılan sağlık çalışanlarının yaş ortalaması 34.50  8.36 ve çalışma yıl ortalamaları 11.94  8.89’dur. COVID-19 ile ilgili bilginin COVID-19 a karşı tutumu % 46 ve COVID-19 ile ilgili davranışları % 28 etkilediği görülmektedir. Bu çalışma ile sağlık çalışanlarının COVID-19 hakkındaki bilgi düzeylerinin, COVID-19 hakkındaki tutum ve davranışlarını olumlu yönde etkilediği belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • REFERENCES 1. Abdollahi M, Ghahramanian A, Shahbazi S, Rezaei F, Naghili B, Jafarabadi MA. (2019) Developing a questionnaire to assess Iranian nurses’ knowledge of and attitude to Middle. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 26 (5), 506-516. doi: https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.065.
  • 2. Ahmed AI, Mohammedb R., Elayanc AA, Fawazc FA, Masryc MA, Shammari MA, et al. (2019) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Comparing the knowledge, attitude and practices of different health care workers. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 1134, 1-8. doi: 10.1016 / j.jiph.2019.06.029.
  • 3. Alzoubi H, Alnawaiseh N, Al-Mnayyis A, Abu- Lubad M, Aqel A, Al-Shagahin H. (2020) Medical and non-medical university students in jordan. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 14 (1), 17-24. doi: 10.22207 / JPAM.14.1.04.
  • 4. Ayinde OO, Usman AB, Posi A, Gbolahan A. (2019) A Cross-sectional study on Oyo State health care worker’s knowledge, attitude and practice regarding corona virus diseas2019 (COVID-19). Advances in Infectious Diseases. In press.
  • 5. Center of Disease Control (CDC) . (2021) About 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/index.html. Updated October 28, 2020. Accessed November 17, 2020.
  • 6. Duruk G, Gümüşboğa ZŞ, Çolak C. (2020) Investigation of Turkish dentists’ clinical attitudes and behaviors towards the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey study. Brazilian Oral Research, 2020; 34, 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0054 .
  • 7. Gao J, Dai J, Zheng P, Chen H, Mao Y. (2020) Mental health problems and social media exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. Plose One, 15 (4), 1-10.doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231924.
  • 8. Huang L, Xu F, Liu H. (2020) Emotional responses and coping strategies of nurses and nursing. Plose One, 15 (8), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237303.
  • 9. Huh S. (2020) How to train health personnel to protect themselves from SARS-CoV-2 (novel coronavirus) infection when caring for a patient or suspected case. Journal of Educational Evaluation , 17 (10), 1-6. doi: 10.3352 / jeehp.2020.17.10.
  • 10. Kallgren CA, Wood W. (1986) Access to attitude-relevant information in memory as a determinant of attitude-behavior consistency. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22 (4), 328-338. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(86)90018-1.
  • 11. Kılınç NÖ, Erci B. (2021) Development of COVID-19 At titude Scale and psychometric characteristics. Paper presented at: International COVID-19 and Current İssues Congres. March 12-14, 2021. Ankara, Turkey.
  • 12. Maleki S, Najafi F, Farhadi K, Fakhri M, Hosseini F, Naderi M. (2020) Knowledge, attitude and behavior of health care workers in the prevention of COVID-19. BMC Medical Education. In press.
  • 13. McEachan R, Taylor N, Harrison R, Lawton R, Gardner P, Conner M. (2016) Meta-analysis of the reasoned action approach (RAA). Annals of Behavioral Medicine ,2016; 50(4), 592–612. doi: 10.1007 / s12160-016-9798-4.
  • 14. Qarawi AT, Jia NS, Gad A. (2020) Awareness and preparedness of hospital staff against novel coronavirus (COVID-2019): A global survey. Elsevier BV. In press.
  • 15. Republic of Turkey Ministry-a. (2020) Türkiye'de Günlük Coronavirüs Tablosu. https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/. Accessed 22 December 2020.
  • 16. Republic of Turkey Ministry-b. (2020) COVID-19 Yeni Korona Virüs Hastalığı. Retrieved from https://covid19bilgi.saglik.gov.tr/tr/covid-19-yeni-koronavirus-hastaligi-nedir. Updated, 2020. Accessed Agust 18, 2020.
  • 17. Republic of Turkey Ministry-c. (2020) COVID-19 Sağlık Personeline Sıkça Sorulan Sorular. https://covid19bilgi.saglik.gov.tr/tr/sss/saglik-personeli.html. Accessed 17 July 2020.
  • 18. Republic of Turkey Ministry-d. (2020) COVID-19 Sunumlar. https://covid19bilgi.saglik.gov.tr/tr/sunumlar. Accessed 18 Agust 2020.
  • 19. Sfendla A, Handrya F. (2020). Factors associated with psychological distress and physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Security. 18( 6), 446-453. doi: 10.1089/hs.2020.0062
  • 20. Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. (2020) COVID-19 and Iranian medical students; a survey on their related-knowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perception. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 23 (4), 249-254. doi:10.34172
  • 21. World Health Organization-a (WHO). (2021). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). https://www.who.int/docs/defaultsource/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200319-sitrep-59-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=c3dcdef9_2. Accessed 15 April 2021.
  • 22. World Health Organization-b (WHO). (2021) World Healt Organization- Covid-19. https://who.sprinklr.com/. Accessed 22 December 2020.
  • 23. World Health Organization-c (WHO). (2020) World Health Organization Twitter. https://twitter.com/WHO?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1284148139797209093%7Ctwgr%5E&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.dw.com%2Fen%2Fcoronavirus-latest-who-says-health-workers-account-for-10-of-global-infections%2Fa-54208221. Accessed 16 Agust 2020.
  • 24. World Health Organization-d (WHO). (2020) Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public. Accessed 17 November 2020.
  • 25. Zhang M, Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H, Zhang L, et al. ( 2020) Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Henan, China. Journal of Hospital Infection , 2020; 105, 183-187. doi: 10.1016 / j.jhin.2020.04.012.
  • 26. Zhong, B. L., Luo, W., Li, H. M., Zhang, Q. Q., Liu, X. G., Li, W. T., & Li, Y. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: A quick online cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 16(10), 1745–1752. doi:http://dx.doi.10.7150/ijbs.45221
  • 27. Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H., Zhang L., & You G (2020). Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among health care workers in Henan, Journal of Hospital Infection, 105 (2020), 183-187. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.04.01218

Covıd-19 Bilgi Düzeyinin Sağlık Çalışanlarının Tutum Ve Davranışlarına Etkisi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 32 - 38, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1041548

Öz

This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the effect of healthcare workers’ COVID-19 knowledge level on their attitudes and behaviors. The population consisted of 1794 healthcare workers of a city hospital in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. The study was conducted on a sample of 310 healthcare workers, as determined by power analysis, who were selected by accidental sampling. Data for the study were collected during February 2021 through a four-part online questionnaire that investigated sociodemographic characteristics, COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes towards COVID-19, and COVID-19-related behaviors. The average age of the participants was 34.50  8.36 years, and the mean years of work experience was 11.94  8.89. COVID-19 knowledge level was positively correlated with and explained 46% of variation in attitude towards COVID-19 and 28% of variation in COVID-19-related behaviors. We conclude that healthcare workers’ COVID-19 knowledge level positively affected their attitudes and behaviors towards COVID-19.

Kaynakça

  • REFERENCES 1. Abdollahi M, Ghahramanian A, Shahbazi S, Rezaei F, Naghili B, Jafarabadi MA. (2019) Developing a questionnaire to assess Iranian nurses’ knowledge of and attitude to Middle. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 26 (5), 506-516. doi: https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.065.
  • 2. Ahmed AI, Mohammedb R., Elayanc AA, Fawazc FA, Masryc MA, Shammari MA, et al. (2019) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Comparing the knowledge, attitude and practices of different health care workers. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 1134, 1-8. doi: 10.1016 / j.jiph.2019.06.029.
  • 3. Alzoubi H, Alnawaiseh N, Al-Mnayyis A, Abu- Lubad M, Aqel A, Al-Shagahin H. (2020) Medical and non-medical university students in jordan. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 14 (1), 17-24. doi: 10.22207 / JPAM.14.1.04.
  • 4. Ayinde OO, Usman AB, Posi A, Gbolahan A. (2019) A Cross-sectional study on Oyo State health care worker’s knowledge, attitude and practice regarding corona virus diseas2019 (COVID-19). Advances in Infectious Diseases. In press.
  • 5. Center of Disease Control (CDC) . (2021) About 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/index.html. Updated October 28, 2020. Accessed November 17, 2020.
  • 6. Duruk G, Gümüşboğa ZŞ, Çolak C. (2020) Investigation of Turkish dentists’ clinical attitudes and behaviors towards the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey study. Brazilian Oral Research, 2020; 34, 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0054 .
  • 7. Gao J, Dai J, Zheng P, Chen H, Mao Y. (2020) Mental health problems and social media exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. Plose One, 15 (4), 1-10.doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0231924.
  • 8. Huang L, Xu F, Liu H. (2020) Emotional responses and coping strategies of nurses and nursing. Plose One, 15 (8), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237303.
  • 9. Huh S. (2020) How to train health personnel to protect themselves from SARS-CoV-2 (novel coronavirus) infection when caring for a patient or suspected case. Journal of Educational Evaluation , 17 (10), 1-6. doi: 10.3352 / jeehp.2020.17.10.
  • 10. Kallgren CA, Wood W. (1986) Access to attitude-relevant information in memory as a determinant of attitude-behavior consistency. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22 (4), 328-338. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(86)90018-1.
  • 11. Kılınç NÖ, Erci B. (2021) Development of COVID-19 At titude Scale and psychometric characteristics. Paper presented at: International COVID-19 and Current İssues Congres. March 12-14, 2021. Ankara, Turkey.
  • 12. Maleki S, Najafi F, Farhadi K, Fakhri M, Hosseini F, Naderi M. (2020) Knowledge, attitude and behavior of health care workers in the prevention of COVID-19. BMC Medical Education. In press.
  • 13. McEachan R, Taylor N, Harrison R, Lawton R, Gardner P, Conner M. (2016) Meta-analysis of the reasoned action approach (RAA). Annals of Behavioral Medicine ,2016; 50(4), 592–612. doi: 10.1007 / s12160-016-9798-4.
  • 14. Qarawi AT, Jia NS, Gad A. (2020) Awareness and preparedness of hospital staff against novel coronavirus (COVID-2019): A global survey. Elsevier BV. In press.
  • 15. Republic of Turkey Ministry-a. (2020) Türkiye'de Günlük Coronavirüs Tablosu. https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/. Accessed 22 December 2020.
  • 16. Republic of Turkey Ministry-b. (2020) COVID-19 Yeni Korona Virüs Hastalığı. Retrieved from https://covid19bilgi.saglik.gov.tr/tr/covid-19-yeni-koronavirus-hastaligi-nedir. Updated, 2020. Accessed Agust 18, 2020.
  • 17. Republic of Turkey Ministry-c. (2020) COVID-19 Sağlık Personeline Sıkça Sorulan Sorular. https://covid19bilgi.saglik.gov.tr/tr/sss/saglik-personeli.html. Accessed 17 July 2020.
  • 18. Republic of Turkey Ministry-d. (2020) COVID-19 Sunumlar. https://covid19bilgi.saglik.gov.tr/tr/sunumlar. Accessed 18 Agust 2020.
  • 19. Sfendla A, Handrya F. (2020). Factors associated with psychological distress and physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Security. 18( 6), 446-453. doi: 10.1089/hs.2020.0062
  • 20. Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. (2020) COVID-19 and Iranian medical students; a survey on their related-knowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perception. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 23 (4), 249-254. doi:10.34172
  • 21. World Health Organization-a (WHO). (2021). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). https://www.who.int/docs/defaultsource/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200319-sitrep-59-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=c3dcdef9_2. Accessed 15 April 2021.
  • 22. World Health Organization-b (WHO). (2021) World Healt Organization- Covid-19. https://who.sprinklr.com/. Accessed 22 December 2020.
  • 23. World Health Organization-c (WHO). (2020) World Health Organization Twitter. https://twitter.com/WHO?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E1284148139797209093%7Ctwgr%5E&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.dw.com%2Fen%2Fcoronavirus-latest-who-says-health-workers-account-for-10-of-global-infections%2Fa-54208221. Accessed 16 Agust 2020.
  • 24. World Health Organization-d (WHO). (2020) Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public. Accessed 17 November 2020.
  • 25. Zhang M, Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H, Zhang L, et al. ( 2020) Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers in Henan, China. Journal of Hospital Infection , 2020; 105, 183-187. doi: 10.1016 / j.jhin.2020.04.012.
  • 26. Zhong, B. L., Luo, W., Li, H. M., Zhang, Q. Q., Liu, X. G., Li, W. T., & Li, Y. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: A quick online cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 16(10), 1745–1752. doi:http://dx.doi.10.7150/ijbs.45221
  • 27. Zhou M, Tang F, Wang Y, Nie H., Zhang L., & You G (2020). Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 among health care workers in Henan, Journal of Hospital Infection, 105 (2020), 183-187. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.04.01218

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Nur Özlem KILINÇ (Sorumlu Yazar)
FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9890-1450
Türkiye


Behice ERCİ
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1527-2207
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Yok
Proje Numarası Yok
Teşekkür Yok
Erken Görünüm Tarihi 29 Nisan 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Kılınç, N. Ö. & Erci, B. (2022). Covıd-19 Bilgi Düzeyinin Sağlık Çalışanlarının Tutum Ve Davranışlarına Etkisi . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 7 (1) , 32-38 . DOI: 10.51754/cusbed.1041548

logo.png asos-index.pngcrossref-logo-landscape-200.pnglogo.png