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Investigation of the Relationship Between Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Problems and Occupational Burnout in Hairdressers

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, 105 - 111, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1069582

Öz

The aim of this study is to investigate which body parts are common musculoskeletal problems in hairdressers and to examine the relationship between upper extremity musculoskeletal problems and the level of occupational burnout. This cross-sectional study included 78 hairdressers with congenital or chronic musculoskeletal disease, no pregnancy, and no traumatic musculoskeletal problems in the last 6 months. After the demographic information of the participants was obtained, the Cornell Musculoskeletal Disorder Questionnaire (CMDQ) was used to determine the musculoskeletal system problems and the effects of these problems on work; Occupational burnout levels were evaluated with the Burnout Scale-Short Form (BS-SF). Of the participants, 26 (33.3%) were female hairdressers and 52 (66.7%) were male hairdressers. The body parts of the hairdressers with the highest musculoskeletal pain/suffering/discomfort were neck (n=46) and waist (n=45) regions. There was a moderate positive correlation between the musculoskeletal system problems and occupational burnout levels of the participants (r=0.387, p<0.01), and a high level positive correlation between upper extremity musculoskeletal problems and occupational burnout levels (r=0.584; p= 0.008) was recorded. Musculoskeletal disorders, especially upper extremity problems, were encountered in hairdressers. In addition, it is seen that musculoskeletal disorders and occupational burnout are closely related concepts. Implementing preventive rehabilitation programs for hairdressers and making ergonomic arrangements in the workplace may have positive effects on the musculoskeletal system and thus on professional satisfaction and pleasure.

Kaynakça

  • Aghilinejad M, Javad Mousavi SA, Nouri MK, Ahmadi AB (2012) Work-related musculoskeletal complaints among workers of Iranian aluminum industries. Arch Environ Occup Health 67(2):98-102. https://doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2011.586383
  • Aweto HA, Tella BA, Johnson OY (2015) Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among hairdressers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 28(3):545-555. https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00291
  • Aydemir Acar G (2020) Denizli’de kadın kuaförlerinin işle ilgili boyun ve üst ekstremite kas iskelet sistemi sorunları ve ergonomik risk faktörleri ile ilişkisi. Uzmanlık Tezi, Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Denizli, Türkiye
  • Aytar A (2007) Kas iskelet sistemi hastalıklarına bağlı Kronik ağrıların yaşam kalitesi üzerine olan etkileri. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Başkent Üniversitesi, Ankara, Türkiye
  • Balogh I, Arvidsson I, Björk J, Hansson GÅ, Ohlsson K, Skerfving S, Nordander C (2019) Work-related neck and upper limb disorders–quantitative exposure–response relationships adjusted for personal characteristics and psychosocial conditions. BMC 20(1):1-19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2491-6
  • Cavlak U, Kitiş A, Çalik B (2004). Farkli meslek gruplarinda ağri analizi ve üst ekstremitelerin fonksiyonel değerlendirmesi. Journal of Science and Technology of Dumlupınar University 7:13-26.
  • Chen HC, Chang CM, Liu YP, Chen CY (2010) Ergonomic risk factors for the wrists of hairdressers. Appl Ergon 41(1):98-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2009.05.001
  • Cımbız A, Uzgören N, Aras Ö, Öztürk S, Elem E, Aksoy CC (2007) Kas iskelet sisteminde ağrıya ait risk faktörlerinin lojistik regresyon analizi ile belirlenmesi: pilot çalışma. Fizyoter Rehabil 18(1):20-27.
  • De Smet E, Germeys F, De Smet L (2009) Prevalence of work related upper limb disorders in hairdressers: a cross sectional study on the influence of working conditions and psychological, ergonomic and physical factors. Work 34(3):325-330. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2009-0930
  • Erdinc O, Hot K, Ozkaya M (2011). Turkish version of the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation and validation. Work 39(3):251-260. https://doi.org/10.3233/wor-2011-1173
  • Foss-Skiftesvik MH, Winther L, Johnsen CR, Zachariae C, Johansen JD (2017) Incidence of skin and respiratory diseases among Danish hairdressing apprentices. Contact Dermatitis 76(3):160-166. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12744
  • Güzel D (2013) Erzurum ilinde faaliyet gösteren bayan ve erkek kuaförlerinin, ergonomik çalışma koşulları, mesleki rahatsızlıklar ve iş memnuniyeti yönünden incelenmesi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 17(3):345-58.
  • Hanvold TN, Wærsted M, Mengshoel AM, Bjertness E, Veiersted KB (2015) Work with prolonged arm elevation as a risk factor for shoulder pain: a longitudinal study among young adults. Appl Ergon 47:43-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2014.08.019
  • Hedge A, Morimoto S, McCrobie D (1999) Effects of keyboard tray geometry on upper body posture and comfort. Ergonomics 42(10):1333-1349. https://doi.org/10.1080/001401399184983
  • Holder NL, Clark HA, DiBlasio JM, Hughes CL, Scherpf JW, Harding L, Shepard KF (1999) Cause, prevalence, and response to occupational musculoskeletal injuries reported by physical therapists and physical therapist assistants. Physical therapy 79(7):642-652.
  • Kitzig D, Freitag S, Nienhaus A (2015) Musculoskeletal stress among hairdressers. Zentralblatt Fur Arbeitsmedizin Arbeitsschutz Und Ergonomie 65(1):21-27.
  • Kozak A, Wirth T, Verhamme M, Nienhaus A (2019) Musculoskeletal health, work-related risk factors and preventive measures in hairdressing: a scoping review. J Occup Med Toxicol 14:24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12995-019-0244-y
  • Leino T, Tuomi K, Paakkulainen H, Klockars M (1999) Health reasons for leaving the profession as determined among Finnish hairdressers in 1980-1995. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 72(1):56-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004200050335
  • Lysdal SH, Sosted H, Andersen KE, Johansen JD (2011) Hand eczema in hairdressers: a Danish register-based study of the prevalence of hand eczema and its career consequences. Contact Dermatitis 65(3):151-158. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0536.2011.01935.x
  • Malach-Pines A (2005) The Burnout Measure, Short Version. International Journal of Stress Management 12(1):78-88. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.12.1.78
  • Mekonnen TH, Kekeba GG, Azanaw J, Kabito GG (2020) Prevalence and healthcare seeking practice of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among informal sectors of hairdressers in Ethiopia, 2019: findings from a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 20(1):718. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08888-y
  • Nunes IL, Bush PM (2012) Work-related musculoskeletal disorders assessment and prevention. Ergonomics-A Systems Approach 1-30.
  • Nunes IL, Bush PM (2012) Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Assessment and Prevention. In: Nunes IL (ed) Ergonomics - A Systems Approach [Internet]. London: IntechOpen, [cited 2022 Feb 07]. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/35811 https://doi.org/10.5772/37229
  • Özdemir Ü, Taşci S (2013) Kronik Hastaliklarda Psikososyal Sorunlar ve Bakım. ERÜ Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(1), 57-72.
  • Pines A, Aronson E (1988) Career burnout: Causes and cures. Free Press, New York
  • Salvagioni DAJ, Melanda FN, Mesas AE, González AD, Gabani FL, Andrade SM (2017) Physical, psychological and occupational consequences of job burnout: A systematic review of prospective studies. PLOS ONE, 12(10):e0185781. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185781
  • Schüldt K, Ekholm J, Harms-Ringdahl K, Németh G, Arborelius U (1987) Effects of arm support or suspension on neck and shoulder muscle activity during sedentary work. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine 19(2):77-84.
  • Shrestha B, Dunn L (2020) The Declaration of Helsinki on medical research involving human subjects: a review of seventh revision (Medical Education). Journal of Nepal Health Research Council 17:548-552. https://doi.org/10.33314/jnhrc.v17i4.1042
  • Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Koga H, Ishitake T (2006) A detailed analysis of musculoskeletal disorder risk factors among Japanese nurses. Journal of safety research 37(2):195-200.
  • Svendsen SW, Bonde JP, Mathiassen SE, Stengaard-Pedersen K, Frich LH (2004) Work related shoulder disorders: quantitative exposure-response relations with reference to arm posture. Occup Environ Med 61(10):844-853. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2003.010637
  • Şirzai H, Doğu B, Erdem P, Yılmaz F, Kuran B (2015) Hastane çalışanlarında işe bağlı kas iskelet sistemi hastalıkları: Üst ekstremite problemleri. Şişli Etfal Hastanesi Tıp Bülteni 49(2):135-141.
  • Tornqvist EW, Hagberg M, Hagman M, Risberg EH, Toomingas A (2009) The influence of working conditions and individual factors on the incidence of neck and upper limb symptoms among professional computer users. International archives of occupational and environmental health 82(6):689-702.
  • Tümkaya S, Sabahattin ÇAM, Çavuşoğlu İ (2009) Tükenmişlik Ölçeği Kısa Versiyonu’nun Türkçe’ye uyarlama geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Çukurova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi,18(1):387–398.
  • Veiersted KB, Gould KS, Osterås N, Hansson GA (2008) Effect of an intervention addressing working technique on the biomechanical load of the neck and shoulders among hairdressers. Appl Ergon 39(2):183-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2007.05.007
  • Wahlström J, Mathiassen SE, Liv P, Hedlund P, Ahlgren C, Forsman M (2010) Upper arm postures and movements in female hairdressers across four full working days. Ann Occup Hyg 54(5):584-594. https://doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/meq028

Kuaförlerdeki Üst Ekstremite Kas-İskelet Sistemi Problemleri ile Mesleki Tükenmişlik Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, 105 - 111, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1069582

Öz

Bu çalışmanın amacı, kuaförlerde kas-iskelet sistemi problemlerinin hangi vücut bölgelerinde sık görüldüğünü araştırmak ve üst ekstremite kas iskelet sistemi problemleri ile mesleki tükenmişlik düzeyi arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Kesitsel tipte tasarlanan bu çalışmaya konjenital kas iskelet sistemi hastalığı ve gebelik durumu olmayan, son 6 ay içinde travmatik kas iskelet sistemi problemi yaşamamış 78 kuaför dahil edildi. Katılımcıların demografik bilgileri alındıktan sonra, Cornell Kas İskelet Sistemi Rahatsızlığı Anketi (CKİSRA) ile kas-iskelet sistemi bu problemleri ve problemlerin işe etkisi; Tükenmişlik Ölçeği-Kısa Formu (TÖ-KF) ile mesleki tükenmişlik düzeyleri değerlendirildi. Katılımcıların 26’sı (%33,3) kadın, 52’si (%66,7) erkek kuaförüydü. Kuaförlerin kas iskelet sistemi ağrı/sızı/rahatsızlık hissinin en çok olduğu vücut bölgeleri boyun (n=46) ve bel (n=45) bölgeleriydi. Katılımcıların kas iskelet sistemi problemleri ile mesleki tükenmişlik düzeyleri arasında pozitif yönde orta düzey (r=0,387; p<0,01), üst ekstremite kas iskelet sistemi problemleri ile mesleki tükenmişlik düzeyleri arasında pozitif yönde yüksek düzey bir ilişki (r=0,584; p=0,008) kaydedilmiştir. Kuaförlerde başta üst ekstremite problemleri olmak üzere kas iskelet sistemi rahatsızlıklarına rastlandı. Ayrıca kas iskelet sistemi rahatsızlıkları ile mesleki tükenmişliğin birbiriyle yakından ilişkili kavramla olduğu görülmektedir. Kuaförlere koruyucu rehabilitasyon programlarının uygulanmasının ve işyerlerinde ergonomik düzenlemeler yapılmasının kas iskelet sistemi ve dolayısıyla mesleki doyum ve tatmin üzerine pozitif etkileri olabilir.

Kaynakça

  • Aghilinejad M, Javad Mousavi SA, Nouri MK, Ahmadi AB (2012) Work-related musculoskeletal complaints among workers of Iranian aluminum industries. Arch Environ Occup Health 67(2):98-102. https://doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2011.586383
  • Aweto HA, Tella BA, Johnson OY (2015) Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among hairdressers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 28(3):545-555. https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00291
  • Aydemir Acar G (2020) Denizli’de kadın kuaförlerinin işle ilgili boyun ve üst ekstremite kas iskelet sistemi sorunları ve ergonomik risk faktörleri ile ilişkisi. Uzmanlık Tezi, Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Denizli, Türkiye
  • Aytar A (2007) Kas iskelet sistemi hastalıklarına bağlı Kronik ağrıların yaşam kalitesi üzerine olan etkileri. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Başkent Üniversitesi, Ankara, Türkiye
  • Balogh I, Arvidsson I, Björk J, Hansson GÅ, Ohlsson K, Skerfving S, Nordander C (2019) Work-related neck and upper limb disorders–quantitative exposure–response relationships adjusted for personal characteristics and psychosocial conditions. BMC 20(1):1-19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2491-6
  • Cavlak U, Kitiş A, Çalik B (2004). Farkli meslek gruplarinda ağri analizi ve üst ekstremitelerin fonksiyonel değerlendirmesi. Journal of Science and Technology of Dumlupınar University 7:13-26.
  • Chen HC, Chang CM, Liu YP, Chen CY (2010) Ergonomic risk factors for the wrists of hairdressers. Appl Ergon 41(1):98-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2009.05.001
  • Cımbız A, Uzgören N, Aras Ö, Öztürk S, Elem E, Aksoy CC (2007) Kas iskelet sisteminde ağrıya ait risk faktörlerinin lojistik regresyon analizi ile belirlenmesi: pilot çalışma. Fizyoter Rehabil 18(1):20-27.
  • De Smet E, Germeys F, De Smet L (2009) Prevalence of work related upper limb disorders in hairdressers: a cross sectional study on the influence of working conditions and psychological, ergonomic and physical factors. Work 34(3):325-330. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2009-0930
  • Erdinc O, Hot K, Ozkaya M (2011). Turkish version of the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation and validation. Work 39(3):251-260. https://doi.org/10.3233/wor-2011-1173
  • Foss-Skiftesvik MH, Winther L, Johnsen CR, Zachariae C, Johansen JD (2017) Incidence of skin and respiratory diseases among Danish hairdressing apprentices. Contact Dermatitis 76(3):160-166. https://doi.org/10.1111/cod.12744
  • Güzel D (2013) Erzurum ilinde faaliyet gösteren bayan ve erkek kuaförlerinin, ergonomik çalışma koşulları, mesleki rahatsızlıklar ve iş memnuniyeti yönünden incelenmesi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 17(3):345-58.
  • Hanvold TN, Wærsted M, Mengshoel AM, Bjertness E, Veiersted KB (2015) Work with prolonged arm elevation as a risk factor for shoulder pain: a longitudinal study among young adults. Appl Ergon 47:43-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2014.08.019
  • Hedge A, Morimoto S, McCrobie D (1999) Effects of keyboard tray geometry on upper body posture and comfort. Ergonomics 42(10):1333-1349. https://doi.org/10.1080/001401399184983
  • Holder NL, Clark HA, DiBlasio JM, Hughes CL, Scherpf JW, Harding L, Shepard KF (1999) Cause, prevalence, and response to occupational musculoskeletal injuries reported by physical therapists and physical therapist assistants. Physical therapy 79(7):642-652.
  • Kitzig D, Freitag S, Nienhaus A (2015) Musculoskeletal stress among hairdressers. Zentralblatt Fur Arbeitsmedizin Arbeitsschutz Und Ergonomie 65(1):21-27.
  • Kozak A, Wirth T, Verhamme M, Nienhaus A (2019) Musculoskeletal health, work-related risk factors and preventive measures in hairdressing: a scoping review. J Occup Med Toxicol 14:24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12995-019-0244-y
  • Leino T, Tuomi K, Paakkulainen H, Klockars M (1999) Health reasons for leaving the profession as determined among Finnish hairdressers in 1980-1995. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 72(1):56-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004200050335
  • Lysdal SH, Sosted H, Andersen KE, Johansen JD (2011) Hand eczema in hairdressers: a Danish register-based study of the prevalence of hand eczema and its career consequences. Contact Dermatitis 65(3):151-158. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0536.2011.01935.x
  • Malach-Pines A (2005) The Burnout Measure, Short Version. International Journal of Stress Management 12(1):78-88. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.12.1.78
  • Mekonnen TH, Kekeba GG, Azanaw J, Kabito GG (2020) Prevalence and healthcare seeking practice of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among informal sectors of hairdressers in Ethiopia, 2019: findings from a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 20(1):718. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08888-y
  • Nunes IL, Bush PM (2012) Work-related musculoskeletal disorders assessment and prevention. Ergonomics-A Systems Approach 1-30.
  • Nunes IL, Bush PM (2012) Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Assessment and Prevention. In: Nunes IL (ed) Ergonomics - A Systems Approach [Internet]. London: IntechOpen, [cited 2022 Feb 07]. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/35811 https://doi.org/10.5772/37229
  • Özdemir Ü, Taşci S (2013) Kronik Hastaliklarda Psikososyal Sorunlar ve Bakım. ERÜ Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(1), 57-72.
  • Pines A, Aronson E (1988) Career burnout: Causes and cures. Free Press, New York
  • Salvagioni DAJ, Melanda FN, Mesas AE, González AD, Gabani FL, Andrade SM (2017) Physical, psychological and occupational consequences of job burnout: A systematic review of prospective studies. PLOS ONE, 12(10):e0185781. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185781
  • Schüldt K, Ekholm J, Harms-Ringdahl K, Németh G, Arborelius U (1987) Effects of arm support or suspension on neck and shoulder muscle activity during sedentary work. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine 19(2):77-84.
  • Shrestha B, Dunn L (2020) The Declaration of Helsinki on medical research involving human subjects: a review of seventh revision (Medical Education). Journal of Nepal Health Research Council 17:548-552. https://doi.org/10.33314/jnhrc.v17i4.1042
  • Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Koga H, Ishitake T (2006) A detailed analysis of musculoskeletal disorder risk factors among Japanese nurses. Journal of safety research 37(2):195-200.
  • Svendsen SW, Bonde JP, Mathiassen SE, Stengaard-Pedersen K, Frich LH (2004) Work related shoulder disorders: quantitative exposure-response relations with reference to arm posture. Occup Environ Med 61(10):844-853. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2003.010637
  • Şirzai H, Doğu B, Erdem P, Yılmaz F, Kuran B (2015) Hastane çalışanlarında işe bağlı kas iskelet sistemi hastalıkları: Üst ekstremite problemleri. Şişli Etfal Hastanesi Tıp Bülteni 49(2):135-141.
  • Tornqvist EW, Hagberg M, Hagman M, Risberg EH, Toomingas A (2009) The influence of working conditions and individual factors on the incidence of neck and upper limb symptoms among professional computer users. International archives of occupational and environmental health 82(6):689-702.
  • Tümkaya S, Sabahattin ÇAM, Çavuşoğlu İ (2009) Tükenmişlik Ölçeği Kısa Versiyonu’nun Türkçe’ye uyarlama geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Çukurova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi,18(1):387–398.
  • Veiersted KB, Gould KS, Osterås N, Hansson GA (2008) Effect of an intervention addressing working technique on the biomechanical load of the neck and shoulders among hairdressers. Appl Ergon 39(2):183-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2007.05.007
  • Wahlström J, Mathiassen SE, Liv P, Hedlund P, Ahlgren C, Forsman M (2010) Upper arm postures and movements in female hairdressers across four full working days. Ann Occup Hyg 54(5):584-594. https://doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/meq028

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Zeynep YILDIZ KIZKIN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ARTVIN CORUH UNIVERSITY, ARTVİN VOCATIONAL SCHOOL, THERAPY AND REHABILITATION
0000-0002-2510-5410
Türkiye


Kağan ÜSTÜN>
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, FİZYOTERAPİ VE REHABİLİTASYON (DR)
0000-0002-3243-7368
Türkiye


Ömer BİNGÖLBALİ>
MUŞ ALPARSLAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, TERAPİ VE REHABİLİTASYON BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-9737-9755
Türkiye


Zübeyir SARI>
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, FİZYOTERAPİ VE REHABİLİTASYON BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-1643-5415
Türkiye

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 29 Ağustos 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ağustos 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Yıldız Kızkın, Z. , Üstün, K. , Bingölbali, Ö. & Sarı, Z. (2022). Kuaförlerdeki Üst Ekstremite Kas-İskelet Sistemi Problemleri ile Mesleki Tükenmişlik Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 7 (2) , 105-111 . DOI: 10.51754/cusbed.1069582

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