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Cinsel Sağlık Eğitimi Dersinin Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Cinsel Mitleri ve Cinsel Sağlık Bilgisi Üzerine Etkisi

Year 2023, Volume: 8 Issue: 3, 435 - 441, 30.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1351537

Abstract

Araştırma, cinsel sağlık eğitimi dersinin üniversite öğrencilerinin cinsel mitlerine ve cinsel sağlık bilgi düzeylerine etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapıldı. Ön test-son test kontrol gruplu deneysel tasarım tipindeki araştırmanın müdahale grubunu müfredatları içerisinde cinsel sağlık eğitimi dersi olan 149 üniversite öğrencisi oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın kontrol grubunu ise müfredatları içerisinde cinsel sağlık eğitimi dersi olmayan 156 katılımcı oluşturdu. Müdahale grubunu oluşturan katılımcılara cinsel sağlık eğitimi dersi kapsamında 15 hafta boyunca haftada 2 saat eğitim verildi. Kontrol grubuna herhangi bir müdahalede bulunulmadı. Müdahale ve kontrol grubuna eşzamanlı olarak ön test ve son test uygulandı. Veri toplama araçları olarak Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Cinsel Mitler Ölçeği (SMS) ve Cinsel Sağlık Bilgi Testi (SHKT) kullanıldı. Çalışma verileri, SPSS 24.0 programında analiz edildi. Araştırmanın verileri değerlendirilirken tanımlayıcı istatistiksel yöntemlerin yanı sıra, gruplar arası farklılığı test etmek için Pearson Ki-kare testi, Pearson Çarpım Moment Korelasyon analizi, bağımlı ve bağımsız gruplara iki ortalama arasındaki farkın önemlilik testi kullanıldı. Sonuçlar %95’lik güven aralığında, anlamlılık p<0.05 düzeyinde değerlendirildi. Cinsel sağlık dersine katılan müdahale grubunu oluşturan öğrencilerin ön testte SMS toplam puan ortalamasının 92.10±12.56 iken kontrol grubunu oluşturan öğrencilerin 98.84±11.40 olduğu, gruplar arasındaki farkın istatistiksel olarak önemli olduğu bulundu (p<0.05). Müdahale grubunda yer alan öğrencilerin son testte SMS toplam puan ortalamasının 48.16±13.48 iken kontrol grubunda yer alan öğrencilerin 91.48±10.62 olduğu, gruplar arasındaki farkın istatistiksel olarak önemli olduğu belirlendi (p<0.05). Müdahale grubunu oluşturan öğrencilerin SMS toplam puan ortalaması ön testte 92.10±12.56, son testte 48.16±13.48; aradaki farkın istatistiksel olarak önemli olduğu saptandı (p<0,05). Kontrol grubunu oluşturan öğrencilerin 98.84±11.40 olan ön test SMS puan ortalamasının son testte 91.48±10.62 olduğu, aradaki farkın istatistiksel olarak önemli olduğu belirlendi (p<0.05). Müdahale grubunu oluşturan öğrencilerin SMS toplam ve alt boyut fark ortalamalarındaki azalma miktarı kontrol grubu öğrencilere göre daha yüksek bulundu (p<0.05). Cinsel sağlık eğitiminin, katılımcıların cinsel mitlerinin azaltılmasında ve cinsel sağlık bilgi düzeyinin artırılmasında etkili olduğu söylenebilir.

Supporting Institution

Destekleyen kurum bulunmamaktadır.

References

  • Adamchak, S.E. (2006). Youth Peer Education in Reproductive Health And HIV/AIDS: Progress, Process, And Programming For The Future. Youth Issues Paper 7. Arlington (VA): By Family Health International, ISBN: 1-933702-07-9.
  • Adinew, Y.M., Worku, A.G., & Mengesha, Z.B. (2013). Knowledge Of Reproductive And Sexual Rights Among University Students in Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional. BMC International Health And Human Rights, 13, 12.
  • Al-Quaiz, J.M., Kazi A., & Al-Muneef, M. (2013). Determinants Of Sexual Health Knowledge in Adolescent Girls in Schools Of Riyadh-Saudi Arabia: A Cross Sectional Study. BMC Women's Health, 13(1):1-8.
  • American Academy Of Pediatrics (AAP) (2001). Sexuality Education For Children And Adolescents. Pediatrics, 108 (2), 498-500.
  • Apay, S.E., Akpınar, R.B., & Arslan S. (2013). Öğrencilerin Cinsel Mitlerinin İncelenmesi. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 16, 2.
  • Eksi, Z., & Komurcu, N. (2014). Knowledge Level Of Unıversıty Students About Sexually Transmıtted Dıseases. Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences, 122, 465–472.
  • El Gelany, S., & Moussa, O. (2013). Reproductive Health Awareness Among Educated Young Women in Egypt. International Journal Of Gynecology And Obstetrics, 120, 23–26.
  • Eşsizoğlu, A., Yasan, A., Yildirim, E.A., Gurgen, F., & Ozkan, M. (2011) Double Standard For Traditional Value Of Virginity And Premarital Sexuality in Turkey: A University Students Case. Women & Health, 51(2), 136-150.
  • Evcili, F., & Golbasi, Z. (2017). Sexual health knowledge test: development, validity and reliability study. Acıbadem Univ Med Sci J. 1, 29‐33.
  • Fageeh, W. M. (2008). Awareness Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Journal Of King Abdul-Aziz University – Medical Sciences, 15(1), 77-90.
  • Farih, M., Khan, K., Freeth D., & Meads C. (2014). Sexual And Reproductive Health Knowledge, İnformation-Seeking Behaviour And Attitudes Among Saudi Women: A Questionnaire Survey Of University Students. Reproductive Health, 11(1), 1-10.
  • Ganczak, M., Barss, P., Alfaresi, F., Almazrouei, S., Muraddad, A., & Al-Maskari, F. (2007). Break The Silence: HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, And Educational Needs Among Arab University Students in United Arab Emirates. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 40(6), 572
  • Golbasi, Z., Evcili, F., Eroglu, K., & Bircan. H. (2016). Sexual Myths Scale [SMS]: Development, Valıdıty And Relıabılıty In Turkey. Sexuality and Disability, 34(1), 75-87.
  • Gürsoy, E., & Özkan H.A. (2014). Türkiye’de Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Kadına İlişkin “Namus” Algısı. Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Dergisi, 5(3), 149-159.
  • He, D., Zhou, Y., Ji, N., Wu, S., Wang, Z., Decat, P., Moyer, E., et al. (2012). Study On Sexual And Reproductive Health Behaviors Of Unmarried Female Migrants İn China. The Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Research, 38(4), 632-638.
  • Hong, K. (2011). Sexual And Reproductive Health Of Peking University College Students: An Examination Of Sexual And Reproductive Health Education, Beliefs, And Practices. John Hopkins University Undergraduate Research Journal For The Human Sciences, 8(1), 16-23.
  • Mahat, G., Scoloveno, M.A., & Ayres, C. (2011). HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Self-Efficacy among Nepalese Adolescents: A Peer Education Program. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 25(4), 271-283.
  • Malek, A., Shokoohi, H.A., & Faghih, A.N. (2010). A Study On The Sources Of Sexual Knowledge Acquisition Among High School Students in Northwest Iran. Archives Of Iranian Medicine, 13(6), 537-542.
  • Medley, A., Kennedy, C., O'reilly, K., & Sweat, M. (2009). Effectiveness Of Peer Education Interventions For HIV Prevention in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis. AIDS Education And Prevention, 21(3), 181-206.
  • Nyoni, J.E., & Ross, M.W. (2013). Condom Use And HIV-Related Behaviors in Urban Tanzanian Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Study Of Beliefs, HIV Knowledge Sources, Partner Interactions And Risk Behaviors. AIDS Care, 25 (2), 223-9.
  • Oljira, L., Berhane, Y., & Worku, A. (2013). Assessment Of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge Level Among in-School Adolescents in Eastern Ethiopia. Journal Of The International AIDS Society, 16(1), 1-5.
  • Pai, H.C., Lee, S., & Chang, T. (2010). Sexual Self-Concept And Intended Sexual Behavior Of Young Adolescent Taiwanese Girls. Nursing Research, 59 (6), 433-40.
  • Polat, S., Atıcı, A., Karakaş, D., Çulha, G.G., & Erdoğan, S. (2012). Peer Training Increases The Level Of Knowledge On Sexual And Reproductive Health in Adolescents, Journal Of Tropical Pediatrics, Apr 58 (2), 96-101.
  • Rabıeıpoor, S. (2011). Empowerıng Of Oromıeh Unıversıty Female Students In Related To Theır Sexual And Reproductıve Health By Peer Educatıon Method. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Sahile, Z., Mekuria, M., & Yared, A. (2015). Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge And Sexual Behavior Among University Students in Ambo, Central Ethiopia: Implication To Improve Intervention. Journal Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Article ID 890202, 6 Pages.
  • SIECUS Report Of Public Support Of Sexuality Education (2009). SIECUS Report Online At The Wayback Machine Sex Education in America. Washington.
  • Sohbet, R., & Geçici, F. (2014). Examining The Level Of Knowledge On Sexuality And Reproductive Health Of Students Of Gaziantep University. Sexuality And Disability, 32(1), 75-84.
  • Thanavanh, B., Rashid, H., Kasuya, H., & Sakamoto, J. (2013). Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Regarding HIV/AIDS Among Male High School Students in Lao People's Democratic Republic. Journal Of The International AIDS Society, 16(1), 1-7.
  • Tolli, M.V. (2012). Effectiveness Of Peer Education İnterventions For Hıv Prevention, Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention And Sexual Health Promotion For Young People: A Systematic Review Of European Studies, 27(5), 904–913.
  • United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) (2015). The Evaluation Of Comprehensive Sexuality Education Programmes: A Focus On The Gender And Empowerment Outcomes. https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/UNFPAEvaluationWEB4.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 15.05.2015.
  • Yan, Z., Finn, K., Cardinal, B.J., & Bent, L. (2014). Promoting Health Behaviors Using Peer Education: A Demonstration Project Between International And American College Students. American Journal Of Health Education, 45, 288–296.
  • Yazıcı, S., Dolgun, G., Zengin, N., & Onat Bayram, G. (2012). The Determination Of University Students’ Knowledge, Attitudes And Behaviors On The Matter Of Sexual Health. Sexuality And Disability, 30(1), 67-75.

The Impact of Sexual Health Education Course on University Students' Sexual Myths and Sexual Health Knowledge

Year 2023, Volume: 8 Issue: 3, 435 - 441, 30.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1351537

Abstract

This research was conducted to determine the impact of sexual health education course on university students' sexual myths and sexual health knowledge. The intervention group of the experimental study, using a pre-test post-test control group design, consisted of 149 university students who had a sexual health education course in their curriculum. The control group, on the other hand, consisted of 156 participants who did not have a sexual health education course in their curriculum. Participants in the intervention group received 2 hours of sexual health education per week for 15 weeks as part of the course curriculum, while no intervention was provided to the control group. Pre-tests and post-tests were administered simultaneously to both the intervention and control groups. Data collection instruments included a Personal Information Form, Sexual Myths Scale (SMS), and Sexual Health Knowledge Test (SHKT). The study data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 software. In addition to descriptive statistical methods, Pearson Chi-Square test, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation analysis, and tests for the significance of differences between two means for dependent and independent groups were used to test intergroup differences. The results were evaluated at a significance level of p<0.05 within a 95% confidence interval. It was found that the mean SMS total score for students in the intervention group, who attended the Sexual Health Course, was 92.10±12.56 in the pre-test, while it was 98.84±11.40 for students in the control group, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (p<0.05). In the post-test, the students in the intervention group had an mean SMS total score of 48.16±13.48, while the students in the control group had an mean score of 91.48±10.62, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (p<0.05). The mean SMS total score for students in the intervention group decreased from 92.10±12.56 in the pre-test to 48.16±13.48 in the post-test, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The mean SMS score for students in the control group decreased from 98.84±11.40 in the pre-test to 91.48±10.62 in the post-test, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The decrease in mean SMS total and sub-dimension scores was higher for students in the intervention group compared to the control group (p<0.05). It can be concluded that sexual health education is effective in reducing participants' sexual myths and increasing their sexual health knowledge.

References

  • Adamchak, S.E. (2006). Youth Peer Education in Reproductive Health And HIV/AIDS: Progress, Process, And Programming For The Future. Youth Issues Paper 7. Arlington (VA): By Family Health International, ISBN: 1-933702-07-9.
  • Adinew, Y.M., Worku, A.G., & Mengesha, Z.B. (2013). Knowledge Of Reproductive And Sexual Rights Among University Students in Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional. BMC International Health And Human Rights, 13, 12.
  • Al-Quaiz, J.M., Kazi A., & Al-Muneef, M. (2013). Determinants Of Sexual Health Knowledge in Adolescent Girls in Schools Of Riyadh-Saudi Arabia: A Cross Sectional Study. BMC Women's Health, 13(1):1-8.
  • American Academy Of Pediatrics (AAP) (2001). Sexuality Education For Children And Adolescents. Pediatrics, 108 (2), 498-500.
  • Apay, S.E., Akpınar, R.B., & Arslan S. (2013). Öğrencilerin Cinsel Mitlerinin İncelenmesi. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 16, 2.
  • Eksi, Z., & Komurcu, N. (2014). Knowledge Level Of Unıversıty Students About Sexually Transmıtted Dıseases. Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences, 122, 465–472.
  • El Gelany, S., & Moussa, O. (2013). Reproductive Health Awareness Among Educated Young Women in Egypt. International Journal Of Gynecology And Obstetrics, 120, 23–26.
  • Eşsizoğlu, A., Yasan, A., Yildirim, E.A., Gurgen, F., & Ozkan, M. (2011) Double Standard For Traditional Value Of Virginity And Premarital Sexuality in Turkey: A University Students Case. Women & Health, 51(2), 136-150.
  • Evcili, F., & Golbasi, Z. (2017). Sexual health knowledge test: development, validity and reliability study. Acıbadem Univ Med Sci J. 1, 29‐33.
  • Fageeh, W. M. (2008). Awareness Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Journal Of King Abdul-Aziz University – Medical Sciences, 15(1), 77-90.
  • Farih, M., Khan, K., Freeth D., & Meads C. (2014). Sexual And Reproductive Health Knowledge, İnformation-Seeking Behaviour And Attitudes Among Saudi Women: A Questionnaire Survey Of University Students. Reproductive Health, 11(1), 1-10.
  • Ganczak, M., Barss, P., Alfaresi, F., Almazrouei, S., Muraddad, A., & Al-Maskari, F. (2007). Break The Silence: HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, And Educational Needs Among Arab University Students in United Arab Emirates. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 40(6), 572
  • Golbasi, Z., Evcili, F., Eroglu, K., & Bircan. H. (2016). Sexual Myths Scale [SMS]: Development, Valıdıty And Relıabılıty In Turkey. Sexuality and Disability, 34(1), 75-87.
  • Gürsoy, E., & Özkan H.A. (2014). Türkiye’de Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Kadına İlişkin “Namus” Algısı. Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Dergisi, 5(3), 149-159.
  • He, D., Zhou, Y., Ji, N., Wu, S., Wang, Z., Decat, P., Moyer, E., et al. (2012). Study On Sexual And Reproductive Health Behaviors Of Unmarried Female Migrants İn China. The Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Research, 38(4), 632-638.
  • Hong, K. (2011). Sexual And Reproductive Health Of Peking University College Students: An Examination Of Sexual And Reproductive Health Education, Beliefs, And Practices. John Hopkins University Undergraduate Research Journal For The Human Sciences, 8(1), 16-23.
  • Mahat, G., Scoloveno, M.A., & Ayres, C. (2011). HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Self-Efficacy among Nepalese Adolescents: A Peer Education Program. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 25(4), 271-283.
  • Malek, A., Shokoohi, H.A., & Faghih, A.N. (2010). A Study On The Sources Of Sexual Knowledge Acquisition Among High School Students in Northwest Iran. Archives Of Iranian Medicine, 13(6), 537-542.
  • Medley, A., Kennedy, C., O'reilly, K., & Sweat, M. (2009). Effectiveness Of Peer Education Interventions For HIV Prevention in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis. AIDS Education And Prevention, 21(3), 181-206.
  • Nyoni, J.E., & Ross, M.W. (2013). Condom Use And HIV-Related Behaviors in Urban Tanzanian Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Study Of Beliefs, HIV Knowledge Sources, Partner Interactions And Risk Behaviors. AIDS Care, 25 (2), 223-9.
  • Oljira, L., Berhane, Y., & Worku, A. (2013). Assessment Of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge Level Among in-School Adolescents in Eastern Ethiopia. Journal Of The International AIDS Society, 16(1), 1-5.
  • Pai, H.C., Lee, S., & Chang, T. (2010). Sexual Self-Concept And Intended Sexual Behavior Of Young Adolescent Taiwanese Girls. Nursing Research, 59 (6), 433-40.
  • Polat, S., Atıcı, A., Karakaş, D., Çulha, G.G., & Erdoğan, S. (2012). Peer Training Increases The Level Of Knowledge On Sexual And Reproductive Health in Adolescents, Journal Of Tropical Pediatrics, Apr 58 (2), 96-101.
  • Rabıeıpoor, S. (2011). Empowerıng Of Oromıeh Unıversıty Female Students In Related To Theır Sexual And Reproductıve Health By Peer Educatıon Method. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Sahile, Z., Mekuria, M., & Yared, A. (2015). Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge And Sexual Behavior Among University Students in Ambo, Central Ethiopia: Implication To Improve Intervention. Journal Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Article ID 890202, 6 Pages.
  • SIECUS Report Of Public Support Of Sexuality Education (2009). SIECUS Report Online At The Wayback Machine Sex Education in America. Washington.
  • Sohbet, R., & Geçici, F. (2014). Examining The Level Of Knowledge On Sexuality And Reproductive Health Of Students Of Gaziantep University. Sexuality And Disability, 32(1), 75-84.
  • Thanavanh, B., Rashid, H., Kasuya, H., & Sakamoto, J. (2013). Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Regarding HIV/AIDS Among Male High School Students in Lao People's Democratic Republic. Journal Of The International AIDS Society, 16(1), 1-7.
  • Tolli, M.V. (2012). Effectiveness Of Peer Education İnterventions For Hıv Prevention, Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention And Sexual Health Promotion For Young People: A Systematic Review Of European Studies, 27(5), 904–913.
  • United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) (2015). The Evaluation Of Comprehensive Sexuality Education Programmes: A Focus On The Gender And Empowerment Outcomes. https://www.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/UNFPAEvaluationWEB4.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 15.05.2015.
  • Yan, Z., Finn, K., Cardinal, B.J., & Bent, L. (2014). Promoting Health Behaviors Using Peer Education: A Demonstration Project Between International And American College Students. American Journal Of Health Education, 45, 288–296.
  • Yazıcı, S., Dolgun, G., Zengin, N., & Onat Bayram, G. (2012). The Determination Of University Students’ Knowledge, Attitudes And Behaviors On The Matter Of Sexual Health. Sexuality And Disability, 30(1), 67-75.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Adolescent Health
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Funda EVCİLİ 0000-0003-4608-9189

Early Pub Date December 26, 2023
Publication Date December 30, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 8 Issue: 3

Cite

APA EVCİLİ, F. (2023). The Impact of Sexual Health Education Course on University Students’ Sexual Myths and Sexual Health Knowledge. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8(3), 435-441. https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1351537

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