Research Article
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Determining the Professional Perceptions of Nursing Students Using the Metaphor Analysis Method

Year 2023, Volume: 8 Issue: 3, 442 - 448, 30.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1357171

Abstract

In this study, it is aimed to determine the perceptions of first and fourth year nursing students about the nursing profession by using the metaphor analysis method. Qualitative research design was used in this study. The study was conducted in the Nursing Department of a university. The study was concluded with data obtained from 87 nursing students. Purposive sampling method was used in the selection of the sample and this sampling method; The data were analyzed through metaphor analysis. The data were collected between September 15 and September 30, 2022 in the classroom environment with Personal Information Form and Semi-Structured Interview Form. To ensure good quality in presenting the study, the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) was used as a guide. Fifty two first-year nursing students and thirty five fourth-year nursing students participated in the study. Forty six different metaphors related to the "nurse" profession were forming by the first and fourth year nursing students, and these metaphors were classified under two categories as positive and negative according to their common aspects. It was observed that fourth-year nursing students used positive metaphors regarding the concept of nursing more frequently than first-year students. Nurses; in clinical practice, students should use effective communication techniques and have good observation skills in order to positively affect their perceptions of the nursing profession.

References

  • Abay, Ş.E., Sezer, B., & Başusta, N.B. (2016). The perceptions towards physician’s identity among physician candidates: an example of metaphor analysis from the Research at Hacettepe University Medical School. Journal of Continuing Medical Education, 26(1), 1-8.
  • Altun, T., & Camadan, F. (2013). Examination of counseling teachers’ perceptions on school counselor (psychological counselor) concept through metaphor analysis. Kastamonu Education Journal, 21(3), 883-918.
  • Bölükbaş, N. (2018). Occupational selection of nursing students and the effecting factors. Ordu University Journal of Nursing Studies, 1(1), 10-17.
  • Carpenter, J. (2008). Metaphors in qualitative research: shedding light or casting shadows? Research in Nursing & Health, 31(3), 274-82. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.20253
  • Cerit, Y. (2008). Öğretmen kavramı ile ilgili metaforlara ilişkin öğrenci, öğretmen ve yöneticilerin görüşleri. The Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 6(4), 693-712. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tebd/issue/26110/275093
  • Creswell, J.W. (2013). Nitel araştırma yöntemleri: Beş yaklaşıma göre nitel araştırma ve araştırma deseni. Bütün, M., Demir, Selçuk Beşir. (Trans. Eds.), Siyasal Publishing House, Ankara.
  • Çakıcı, N. (2021). Nursing image according to first and fourth year nursing students. Health and Society, 31(2), 125-30.
  • Çetinkaya, S.K. (2014). The investigation of students perception about their profession by metaphonic analysis. Pamukkale University Faculty of Education Journal, 36(36), 137-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.9779/PUJE669
  • Çıtak Tunç, G., Akansel, N., & Özdemir, A. (2010). Factors affecting career choices of nursing and health officer program students. Maltepe University Journal of Nursing Science and Art, 3(1), 24–31. http://library1.nida.ac.th/termpaper6/sd/2554/19755.pdf
  • Dimitriadou, M., Papastavrou, E., Efstathiou, G., & Theodorou, M. (2015). Baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of learning and supervision in the clinical environment. Nursing and Health Sciences, 17(2), 236-42. https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12174
  • Er, T., Ayoğlu, F., & Açıkgöz, B. (2021). Violence against healthcare workers: risk factors, effects, evaluation and prevention. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 19(1), 69–78. https://doi.org/10.20518/TJPH.680771
  • Eren, B. (2018). The metaphorıcal perceptıons of specıal educatıon teacher candıdates regardıng the concept of “musıc”. Turkish Studies, 13(19), 697-716. http://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.13929
  • Fagin, C., & Donna, D. (2000). Nursing as metaphor [in]: Nursing in the public eye. Springer Publishing Company, Germany.
  • Hoeve, Y., Jansen, G., & Roodbol, P. (2014). The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 70(2), 295-309. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12177
  • Kale, E., & Çiçek, Ü. (2015). Metaphor perceptions of nurses about their own profession. Journal of Health and Nursing Management, 2(3), 142-51. doi:10.5222/SHYD.2015.142
  • Karakul, A., Doğan, P., & Özgüven Öztornacı, B. (2022). Evaluation of pediatric nurses' metaphor perceptions regarding their own professions, E-Journal of Dokuz Eylul University Nursing Faculty, 15(1), 50-55. doi: 10.46483/deuhfed.933910
  • Kaya, H., Işık, B., & Çalışkan, F. (2013). Metaphors used by in‐service training nurses for in‐service training nurses in Turkey. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(2), 404-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06019.x
  • Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (2008). Metaphors we live by. University of Chicago Press, USA.
  • Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: an expanded sourcebook, 2nd ed, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
  • Özmen, D. & Çetinkaya, A. (2016). A qualitative study of professional perceptions of senior nursing students. Journal of Research and Development in Nursing, 18(1), 40-52.
  • Özveren, H., Özden, D. & Gülnar, E. (2018). The perceptıon of nursıng by fırst-year nursıng students: a metaphor analysıs. Journal of Health Sciences, 27(2), 162-69.
  • Özpancar, N., Aydın, N., & Akansel, N. (2008). Determination of beginning nursing students’ perceptions about nursing profession. Journal of Cumhuriyet University School of Nursing, 12(3), 9-17.
  • Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods, 3rd ed, Sage Publications, London.
  • Saban, A. (2009). Öğretmen adaylarının öğrenci kavramına ilişkin sahip oldukları zihinsel imgeler. The Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 7(2), 281-326.
  • Safadi, R.R., Saleh, M.Y.N., Nassar, O.S., Amre, H.M., & Froelicher, E.S. (2011). Nursing students’ perceptions of nursing: a descriptive study of four cohorts. International Nursing Review, 58(4), 420–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2011.00897.x
  • Saldamlı, A., & Andsoy Işık, I. (2017). Metaphor perceptıons of surgıcal nurses about surgıcal nursıng. 2. international 10. national turkish operating room and surgical nursing congress book. Antalya, Turkey, 583–584.
  • Sharoff, L. (2013). Creative power of metaphorical expression. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 31(1), 6-18. doi: 10.1177/0898010112461948
  • Turkish Language Association. (TLA). Metaphor. https://sozluk.gov.tr/ Accessed 25 September 2022.
  • Ünsal, S., Korkmaz, F. & Çetin, A. (2016). Investıgatıng the metaphor perceptıons of hıgh schools students towards the concept of “phılosophy”. Abant İzzet Baysal University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 16(3), 1047-64.
  • Wurzbach, M.E. (1999). The moral metaphors of nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 30(1), 94–99. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.01053.x
  • Yeşilbaş, H. (2016). A general overview of violence in healthcare. Journal of Health and Nursing Management, 3(1), 44-54. https://doi.org/10.5222/shyd.2016.044
  • Yıldırım A, & Şimşek H. (2018). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri, 12th ed, Seçkin Publishing, Ankara.
  • Yılmaz, Ş., & Güven Özbek, G. (2021). Metaphorical perceptions of nursing students about “nurse” concept. Eurasian Journal of Health Sciences, 4(3), 170–178. https://doi.org/10.53493/AVRASYASBD.871565
  • Zembat, R., Tunçeli, H., & Akşin, E. (2015). Okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının "okul yöneticisi" kavramına ilişkin algılarına yönelik metafor çalışması. Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal. 3rd National Congress of Child Development and Education (International Participations) (Congress Book), 446-459.

Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Mesleki Algılarının Metafor Analizi Yöntemiyle Belirlenmesi

Year 2023, Volume: 8 Issue: 3, 442 - 448, 30.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1357171

Abstract

Bu çalışmada hemşirelik birinci ve dördüncü sınıf öğrencilerinin hemşirelik mesleğine ilişkin algılarının metafor analizi yöntemi kullanılarak belirlenmesi amaçlanmış olup nitel araştırma deseni kullanılmıştır. Çalışma bir üniversitenin Hemşirelik Bölümü'nde gerçekleştirilmiş ve 87 hemşirelik öğrencisinden elde edilen verilerle sonlandırılmıştır. Örneklemin seçiminde amaçlı örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Veriler 15 Eylül – 30 Eylül 2022 tarihleri arasında sınıf ortamında Kişisel Bilgi Formu ve Yarı Yapılandırılmış Görüşme Formu aracılığıyla toplanmıştır. Veriler metafor analizi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Çalışmanın raporlanmasında ise Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ) kontrol listesi rehber olarak kullanılmıştır. Çalışmaya 52 birinci sınıf hemşirelik öğrencisi ve 35 dördüncü sınıf hemşirelik öğrencisi katılmıştır. Hemşirelik birinci ve dördüncü sınıf öğrencileri tarafından "hemşirelik" mesleğine ilişkin 46 farklı metafor oluşturulmuş ve bu metaforlar ortak yönlerine göre olumlu ve olumsuz olmak üzere iki kategori altında sınıflandırılmıştır. Hemşirelik dördüncü sınıf öğrencilerinin birinci sınıf öğrencilerine göre hemşirelik kavramına ilişkin olumlu metaforları sıklıkla kullandığı görülmüştür. Öğrencilerin hemşirelik mesleğine ilişkin algılarının olumlu yönde etkilenebilmesi amacıyla klinik uygulamalarda hemşireler etkili iletişim tekniklerini kullanmalı ve iyi bir gözlem becerisine sahip olmalıdır.

References

  • Abay, Ş.E., Sezer, B., & Başusta, N.B. (2016). The perceptions towards physician’s identity among physician candidates: an example of metaphor analysis from the Research at Hacettepe University Medical School. Journal of Continuing Medical Education, 26(1), 1-8.
  • Altun, T., & Camadan, F. (2013). Examination of counseling teachers’ perceptions on school counselor (psychological counselor) concept through metaphor analysis. Kastamonu Education Journal, 21(3), 883-918.
  • Bölükbaş, N. (2018). Occupational selection of nursing students and the effecting factors. Ordu University Journal of Nursing Studies, 1(1), 10-17.
  • Carpenter, J. (2008). Metaphors in qualitative research: shedding light or casting shadows? Research in Nursing & Health, 31(3), 274-82. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.20253
  • Cerit, Y. (2008). Öğretmen kavramı ile ilgili metaforlara ilişkin öğrenci, öğretmen ve yöneticilerin görüşleri. The Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 6(4), 693-712. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tebd/issue/26110/275093
  • Creswell, J.W. (2013). Nitel araştırma yöntemleri: Beş yaklaşıma göre nitel araştırma ve araştırma deseni. Bütün, M., Demir, Selçuk Beşir. (Trans. Eds.), Siyasal Publishing House, Ankara.
  • Çakıcı, N. (2021). Nursing image according to first and fourth year nursing students. Health and Society, 31(2), 125-30.
  • Çetinkaya, S.K. (2014). The investigation of students perception about their profession by metaphonic analysis. Pamukkale University Faculty of Education Journal, 36(36), 137-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.9779/PUJE669
  • Çıtak Tunç, G., Akansel, N., & Özdemir, A. (2010). Factors affecting career choices of nursing and health officer program students. Maltepe University Journal of Nursing Science and Art, 3(1), 24–31. http://library1.nida.ac.th/termpaper6/sd/2554/19755.pdf
  • Dimitriadou, M., Papastavrou, E., Efstathiou, G., & Theodorou, M. (2015). Baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of learning and supervision in the clinical environment. Nursing and Health Sciences, 17(2), 236-42. https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12174
  • Er, T., Ayoğlu, F., & Açıkgöz, B. (2021). Violence against healthcare workers: risk factors, effects, evaluation and prevention. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 19(1), 69–78. https://doi.org/10.20518/TJPH.680771
  • Eren, B. (2018). The metaphorıcal perceptıons of specıal educatıon teacher candıdates regardıng the concept of “musıc”. Turkish Studies, 13(19), 697-716. http://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.13929
  • Fagin, C., & Donna, D. (2000). Nursing as metaphor [in]: Nursing in the public eye. Springer Publishing Company, Germany.
  • Hoeve, Y., Jansen, G., & Roodbol, P. (2014). The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 70(2), 295-309. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12177
  • Kale, E., & Çiçek, Ü. (2015). Metaphor perceptions of nurses about their own profession. Journal of Health and Nursing Management, 2(3), 142-51. doi:10.5222/SHYD.2015.142
  • Karakul, A., Doğan, P., & Özgüven Öztornacı, B. (2022). Evaluation of pediatric nurses' metaphor perceptions regarding their own professions, E-Journal of Dokuz Eylul University Nursing Faculty, 15(1), 50-55. doi: 10.46483/deuhfed.933910
  • Kaya, H., Işık, B., & Çalışkan, F. (2013). Metaphors used by in‐service training nurses for in‐service training nurses in Turkey. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(2), 404-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06019.x
  • Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (2008). Metaphors we live by. University of Chicago Press, USA.
  • Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: an expanded sourcebook, 2nd ed, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
  • Özmen, D. & Çetinkaya, A. (2016). A qualitative study of professional perceptions of senior nursing students. Journal of Research and Development in Nursing, 18(1), 40-52.
  • Özveren, H., Özden, D. & Gülnar, E. (2018). The perceptıon of nursıng by fırst-year nursıng students: a metaphor analysıs. Journal of Health Sciences, 27(2), 162-69.
  • Özpancar, N., Aydın, N., & Akansel, N. (2008). Determination of beginning nursing students’ perceptions about nursing profession. Journal of Cumhuriyet University School of Nursing, 12(3), 9-17.
  • Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods, 3rd ed, Sage Publications, London.
  • Saban, A. (2009). Öğretmen adaylarının öğrenci kavramına ilişkin sahip oldukları zihinsel imgeler. The Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 7(2), 281-326.
  • Safadi, R.R., Saleh, M.Y.N., Nassar, O.S., Amre, H.M., & Froelicher, E.S. (2011). Nursing students’ perceptions of nursing: a descriptive study of four cohorts. International Nursing Review, 58(4), 420–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2011.00897.x
  • Saldamlı, A., & Andsoy Işık, I. (2017). Metaphor perceptıons of surgıcal nurses about surgıcal nursıng. 2. international 10. national turkish operating room and surgical nursing congress book. Antalya, Turkey, 583–584.
  • Sharoff, L. (2013). Creative power of metaphorical expression. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 31(1), 6-18. doi: 10.1177/0898010112461948
  • Turkish Language Association. (TLA). Metaphor. https://sozluk.gov.tr/ Accessed 25 September 2022.
  • Ünsal, S., Korkmaz, F. & Çetin, A. (2016). Investıgatıng the metaphor perceptıons of hıgh schools students towards the concept of “phılosophy”. Abant İzzet Baysal University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 16(3), 1047-64.
  • Wurzbach, M.E. (1999). The moral metaphors of nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 30(1), 94–99. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.01053.x
  • Yeşilbaş, H. (2016). A general overview of violence in healthcare. Journal of Health and Nursing Management, 3(1), 44-54. https://doi.org/10.5222/shyd.2016.044
  • Yıldırım A, & Şimşek H. (2018). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri, 12th ed, Seçkin Publishing, Ankara.
  • Yılmaz, Ş., & Güven Özbek, G. (2021). Metaphorical perceptions of nursing students about “nurse” concept. Eurasian Journal of Health Sciences, 4(3), 170–178. https://doi.org/10.53493/AVRASYASBD.871565
  • Zembat, R., Tunçeli, H., & Akşin, E. (2015). Okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının "okul yöneticisi" kavramına ilişkin algılarına yönelik metafor çalışması. Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal. 3rd National Congress of Child Development and Education (International Participations) (Congress Book), 446-459.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Services and Systems (Other)
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Naciye Esra KOYUNCU 0000-0002-2879-8873

Esra ÜNAL 0000-0002-7588-9444

Hafize DAĞ TÜZMEN 0000-0001-7791-7536

Early Pub Date December 26, 2023
Publication Date December 30, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 8 Issue: 3

Cite

APA KOYUNCU, N. E., ÜNAL, E., & DAĞ TÜZMEN, H. (2023). Determining the Professional Perceptions of Nursing Students Using the Metaphor Analysis Method. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8(3), 442-448. https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1357171

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