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The Relationship Between The Attachment Status of The Fathers Whose Babies in The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Self Perception of Parental Role

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 17 - 23, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1013193

Öz

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the attachment status of fathers whose babies are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit and the self-perception of the parental role. The research is of a cross-sectional descriptive type. The population of the study was formed by the fathers whose babies were hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Service of a State Hospital in Sivas between 01.02.2019 and 30.07.2019. Sampling selection was not made, all fathers were tried to be reached. 176 fathers who met the sampling criteria formed the sample. The data were collected using the Personal Information Form, Paternal-Infant Attachment Scale (PIAS) and Self-perception of Parental Scale (SPPR). The average age of the fathers is 30.99±5.46. 38.6% of the fathers are primary school graduates and 47.2% had their first baby. Total PIAS score average was 77.8±8.10. SPPR scale subscale mean scores were 14.9±2.78; role satisfaction 12.4±2.84; investment 11.9±2.68; role balancing is 15.4±2.68. A weak negative correlation was found between "patience and tolerance", one of the sub-dimensions of the PIAS, and "investment", one of the sub-dimensions of the SPPR, and between the "pleasure in interaction" and "love and pride" sub-dimensions and investment (p<0.01). There was no significant difference between the sub-dimensions of the PIAS and the other sub-dimensions of the SPPR scale (competence, role satisfaction, role balancing) (p> 0.01). As the score the fathers got from the attachment scale increases, the investment sub-dimension score of the SPPR scale decreases, while the competence, role satisfaction and role balancing sub-dimensions are not affected. In this process, midwifery care should be planned for fathers to develop father-infant attachment and self-perception regarding the parental role.

Kaynakça

  • Aslan E, Ertürk S, Demir H, Aksoy Ö (2017) Fathers’ attachment status to their ınfants fathers’ attachment status to their ınfants. International Journal of Caring Sciences. 10(3):1410–1418.
  • Aydın Kartal Y, Erişen B. (2020) Fathers’ attachment to their infants between 6-12 months of age and related factors. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 8(2):44–49.
  • Bandeira TTA, Seidl-de-Moura ML (2012) Mothers and fathers’ beliefs about parental investment. Paidéia. 22(53): 355-363.
  • Beyazıt U, Taşçıoğlu G, Cirhinlioğlu FG (2018) A study on the relationship between self-perception of parental role and marital attitude. European Journal of Education Studies. 1111(2011):13–38.
  • Condon JT, Corkindale CJ, Boyce P (2008) Assessment of postnatal paternal–infant attachment : development of a questionnaire instrument. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 26(3):195–210.
  • da Motta, G. de CP, da Cunha MLC (2015) Prevention and non-pharmacological management of pain in newborns. Rev Bras Enferm. 68(1):123–127.
  • Delvecchio E, Di Riso D, Salcuni S (2016) Self-perception of parental role, family functioning, and familistic beliefs in Italian parents: Early evidence. Frontiers in Psychology. 6:1983–1991.
  • Dinç Ş, Balcı S (2021) Determination of father-baby attachment condition and father that effect thi condition. Türkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 13(1):8-17.
  • Dyer WJ, Fagan J, Kaufman R, Pearson J, Cabrera N (2018) Self‐perceived coparenting of nonresident fathers: Scale development and validation. Family Process. 57(4):927–946.
  • Evcili F, Yurtsal BZ, Cesur B, Kaya N. (2017) The effect of painful processes applied to newborn on parent-infant attachment. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 6(1):65–71.
  • Fegran L, Helseth S, Fagermoen MS (2008) A comparison of mothers’ and fathers’ experiences of the attachment process in a neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 17(6):810–816.
  • Güleç D, Kavlak O (2015) Father-infant attachment and role of nurse: Review. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing. 7(1):63–68.
  • Güleç D, Kavlak O (2013) The study of reliability and validity of paternal-infant attachment scale in Turkish society. International Journal of Human Sciences. 10(2):170-181.
  • Güler M, Yetim Ü (2008) Self-perception scale regarding parental role: Validity and reliability study. Türk Psikoloji Yazılar. 11(22):34–43.
  • Han SY, Lee EG (2016) The relationship between parental attribution and self-perception in parenting roles to parenting success or failure situations among mothers of toddlers. Korean J of Childcare & Education. 12(3):21–39.
  • Hollywood M, Hollywood E (2011) The lived experiences of fathers of a premature baby on a neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Neonatal Nursing. 17(1):32–40.
  • Işık S, Egelioğlu Cetişli N (2020) The relationship between paternal depression and father-infant attachment. Cukurova Medical Journal. 45(4):1663–1671.
  • Kara F, Uçan S, Güzel A (2017) Self-confidence about the baby care of fathers and affecting factors. ACU Sağlık Bil Derg. 2:92–96.
  • Kara M, Çetinkaya Ş (2019) The father concept in Turkish society and nursing in the attachment of father and baby. Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 11(2):200–210.
  • Karakaş NM, Dağlı FŞ (2019) The importance of attachment in infant and influencing factors. Turk Pediatri Arsivi. 54(2):76–81.
  • Kavlak O, Şirin A (2007) Maternal and paternal attachment and the role of nurse. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi. 23(2):183–194.
  • Keizer R, Van Lissa CJ, Tiemeier H, Lucassen N (2020) The Influence of fathers and mothers equally sharing childcare responsibilities on children’s cognitive development from early childhood to school age: An overlooked mechanism in the ıntergenerational transmission of (dis)advantages? European Sociological Review. 36(1):1–15.
  • Kılan S, Özpınar S (2020) Father-baby attachment and influencıng factors; Manisa case. Uluslararası Hakemli Akademik Spor Sağlık ve Tıp Bilimleri Dergisi. 35:1-15.
  • Köse D, Çınar N, Altınkaynak S (2013) Bonding process of the newborn and the parents. STED. 22(6):239–245.
  • Macphee D, Fritz J, Miller-heyl J (1996) Ethnic variations in personal social networks and parenting. Child Development. 67(6):3278–3295.
  • Manning AN (2012) The NICU experience: how does it affect the parents’ relationship? The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing. 26(4):353–357.
  • Pekel Uludağlı N (2017) The effective factors of father participation and the benefits of father participation for father, mother and child. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları. 20(39):70–88.
  • Rocha MCP da, Rossato LM, Bousso RS, Leite AM, Kimura AF, Silva EMR. da (2013) Avaliação da dor por enfermeiros em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Cienc Cuid Saude. 12(4):624–632.
  • Rollè L, Gullotta G, Trombetta T, Curti L, Gerino E, Brustia P et al. (2019) Father involvement and cognitive development in early and middle childhood: A systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology. 10(2405):1-18.
  • Saygıdeğer Demir B (2017) Annelerde kaygı düzeyi ve evlilik doyumunun ebeveyn rolüne ilişkin kendilik algıları üzerindeki etkilerinin değerlendirilmesi. MSc, Mersin Çağ Üniversitesi, Mersin, Türkiye
  • Taing R, Galescu O, Noble L, Hand IL (2020) Factors influencing paternal attachment among preterm infants in an urban neonatal intensive care unit. Cureus. 6(12):8476–8480.
  • Türk Düdükcü F, Taş Aslan F. (2020) Paternal-infant attachment and determination of factors affecting attachment. Archives of Health Science and Research. 7(1):43–49.
  • Yılmaz H, Ülker M, Yılmaz AS (2018) Examining women’s parenthood roles related to their self perception in terms of difference variables. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 7(2):415–431.

Yenidoğan Yoğun Bakım Servisinde Bebeği Yatan Babaların Bağlanma Durumlarının Ebeveyn Rolüne İlişkin Kendilik Algısıyla İlişkisi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 17 - 23, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.51754/cusbed.1013193

Öz

Bu araştırmanın amacı yenidoğan yoğun bakım servisinde bebeği yatan babaların bağlanma durumları ile ebeveyn rolüne ilişkin kendilik algısı arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemektir. Araştırma kesitsel tanımlayıcı tiptedir. Araştırmanın evrenini 01.02.2019-30.07.2019 tarihleri arasında Sivas ilinde bir Devlet Hastanesi Yenidoğan Yoğun Bakım Servisi’nde bebeği yatan babalar oluşturmuştur. Örneklem seçimi yapılmamış, tüm babalara ulaşılmaya çalışılmıştır. Örneklem kritelerini karşılayan 176 baba örneklemi oluşturmuştur. Veriler, Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Baba-Bebek Bağlanma Ölçeği (B-BBÖ) ve Ebeveyn Rolüne İlişkin Kendilik Algısı (ERKA) Ölçeği ile toplanmıştır. Babaların yaş ortalaması 30.99±5.46 olup %38,6’sı ilköğretim mezunudur ve %47,2’si ilk bebeğine sahip olmuştur. B-BBÖ toplam puan ortalaması 77,8±8,10 dur. ERKA ölçeği alt boyut puan ortalamaları; yeterlilik 14,9±2,78; rol doyumu 12,4±2,84; yatırım 11,9±2,68; rol dengeleme 15,4±2,68 dir. B-BBÖ alt boyutlarından “sabır ve hoşgörü” ile ERKA ölçeği alt boyutlarından “yatırım” arasında negatif yönlü zayıf düzeyde “etkileşimde zevk” ve “sevgi ve gurur” alt boyutu ile yatırım alt boyutu arasında da çok zayıf negatif yönde anlamlı ilişki saptanmıştır (p<0.01). B-BBÖ ile ERKA ölçeği diğer alt boyutları (yeterlik, rol doyumu, rol dengeleme) arasında ise anlamlılık bulunmamıştır (p>0.01). Babaların bağlanma ölçeğinden aldıkları puan arttıkça ERKA ölçeğinin yatırım alt boyut puanı azalmakta iken yeterlik, rol doyumu ve rol dengeleme alt boyutları etkilenmemektedir. Yenidoğanın tedavi gördüğü durumlarda babalara, baba bebek bağlanmasına ve ebeveyn rolüne ilişkin kendilik algısının geliştirilmesine yönelik ebelik bakımları planlanmalıdır.

Kaynakça

  • Aslan E, Ertürk S, Demir H, Aksoy Ö (2017) Fathers’ attachment status to their ınfants fathers’ attachment status to their ınfants. International Journal of Caring Sciences. 10(3):1410–1418.
  • Aydın Kartal Y, Erişen B. (2020) Fathers’ attachment to their infants between 6-12 months of age and related factors. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 8(2):44–49.
  • Bandeira TTA, Seidl-de-Moura ML (2012) Mothers and fathers’ beliefs about parental investment. Paidéia. 22(53): 355-363.
  • Beyazıt U, Taşçıoğlu G, Cirhinlioğlu FG (2018) A study on the relationship between self-perception of parental role and marital attitude. European Journal of Education Studies. 1111(2011):13–38.
  • Condon JT, Corkindale CJ, Boyce P (2008) Assessment of postnatal paternal–infant attachment : development of a questionnaire instrument. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 26(3):195–210.
  • da Motta, G. de CP, da Cunha MLC (2015) Prevention and non-pharmacological management of pain in newborns. Rev Bras Enferm. 68(1):123–127.
  • Delvecchio E, Di Riso D, Salcuni S (2016) Self-perception of parental role, family functioning, and familistic beliefs in Italian parents: Early evidence. Frontiers in Psychology. 6:1983–1991.
  • Dinç Ş, Balcı S (2021) Determination of father-baby attachment condition and father that effect thi condition. Türkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 13(1):8-17.
  • Dyer WJ, Fagan J, Kaufman R, Pearson J, Cabrera N (2018) Self‐perceived coparenting of nonresident fathers: Scale development and validation. Family Process. 57(4):927–946.
  • Evcili F, Yurtsal BZ, Cesur B, Kaya N. (2017) The effect of painful processes applied to newborn on parent-infant attachment. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 6(1):65–71.
  • Fegran L, Helseth S, Fagermoen MS (2008) A comparison of mothers’ and fathers’ experiences of the attachment process in a neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 17(6):810–816.
  • Güleç D, Kavlak O (2015) Father-infant attachment and role of nurse: Review. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing. 7(1):63–68.
  • Güleç D, Kavlak O (2013) The study of reliability and validity of paternal-infant attachment scale in Turkish society. International Journal of Human Sciences. 10(2):170-181.
  • Güler M, Yetim Ü (2008) Self-perception scale regarding parental role: Validity and reliability study. Türk Psikoloji Yazılar. 11(22):34–43.
  • Han SY, Lee EG (2016) The relationship between parental attribution and self-perception in parenting roles to parenting success or failure situations among mothers of toddlers. Korean J of Childcare & Education. 12(3):21–39.
  • Hollywood M, Hollywood E (2011) The lived experiences of fathers of a premature baby on a neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Neonatal Nursing. 17(1):32–40.
  • Işık S, Egelioğlu Cetişli N (2020) The relationship between paternal depression and father-infant attachment. Cukurova Medical Journal. 45(4):1663–1671.
  • Kara F, Uçan S, Güzel A (2017) Self-confidence about the baby care of fathers and affecting factors. ACU Sağlık Bil Derg. 2:92–96.
  • Kara M, Çetinkaya Ş (2019) The father concept in Turkish society and nursing in the attachment of father and baby. Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 11(2):200–210.
  • Karakaş NM, Dağlı FŞ (2019) The importance of attachment in infant and influencing factors. Turk Pediatri Arsivi. 54(2):76–81.
  • Kavlak O, Şirin A (2007) Maternal and paternal attachment and the role of nurse. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi. 23(2):183–194.
  • Keizer R, Van Lissa CJ, Tiemeier H, Lucassen N (2020) The Influence of fathers and mothers equally sharing childcare responsibilities on children’s cognitive development from early childhood to school age: An overlooked mechanism in the ıntergenerational transmission of (dis)advantages? European Sociological Review. 36(1):1–15.
  • Kılan S, Özpınar S (2020) Father-baby attachment and influencıng factors; Manisa case. Uluslararası Hakemli Akademik Spor Sağlık ve Tıp Bilimleri Dergisi. 35:1-15.
  • Köse D, Çınar N, Altınkaynak S (2013) Bonding process of the newborn and the parents. STED. 22(6):239–245.
  • Macphee D, Fritz J, Miller-heyl J (1996) Ethnic variations in personal social networks and parenting. Child Development. 67(6):3278–3295.
  • Manning AN (2012) The NICU experience: how does it affect the parents’ relationship? The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing. 26(4):353–357.
  • Pekel Uludağlı N (2017) The effective factors of father participation and the benefits of father participation for father, mother and child. Türk Psikoloji Yazıları. 20(39):70–88.
  • Rocha MCP da, Rossato LM, Bousso RS, Leite AM, Kimura AF, Silva EMR. da (2013) Avaliação da dor por enfermeiros em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Cienc Cuid Saude. 12(4):624–632.
  • Rollè L, Gullotta G, Trombetta T, Curti L, Gerino E, Brustia P et al. (2019) Father involvement and cognitive development in early and middle childhood: A systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology. 10(2405):1-18.
  • Saygıdeğer Demir B (2017) Annelerde kaygı düzeyi ve evlilik doyumunun ebeveyn rolüne ilişkin kendilik algıları üzerindeki etkilerinin değerlendirilmesi. MSc, Mersin Çağ Üniversitesi, Mersin, Türkiye
  • Taing R, Galescu O, Noble L, Hand IL (2020) Factors influencing paternal attachment among preterm infants in an urban neonatal intensive care unit. Cureus. 6(12):8476–8480.
  • Türk Düdükcü F, Taş Aslan F. (2020) Paternal-infant attachment and determination of factors affecting attachment. Archives of Health Science and Research. 7(1):43–49.
  • Yılmaz H, Ülker M, Yılmaz AS (2018) Examining women’s parenthood roles related to their self perception in terms of difference variables. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 7(2):415–431.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Gülseren DAĞLAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, EBELİK BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-7159-5011
Türkiye


Şükran ERTEKİN PINAR
0000-0001-9639-5497
Türkiye


Hilal ÖZBEK
Sağlık Bakanlığı Sivas Numune Hastanesi
0000-0001-6368-2633
Türkiye

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 29 Nisan 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Dağlar, G. , Ertekin Pınar, Ş. & Özbek, H. (2022). Yenidoğan Yoğun Bakım Servisinde Bebeği Yatan Babaların Bağlanma Durumlarının Ebeveyn Rolüne İlişkin Kendilik Algısıyla İlişkisi . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 7 (1) , 17-23 . DOI: 10.51754/cusbed.1013193

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